Category Archives: Health

A simple way to maintain health and fitness


Healthy lifestyle is good and right was the most potent drug that prevents you from various diseases. Everyone must have longed for a healthy body, both physical and spiritual. But here we are going to talk because his physical. Many of us would look for any tips on good health and true in google. But not most of the tips

The health does not explain clearly what needs to be done. These health tips obtained from a wide variety of medical articles are summarized in a way that generates health tips that really works and is better than other health tips.

Here’s how to maintain the health and fitness of your body:

  1. Positive Thinking. In a healthy body there is a quiet mind and healthy too. So try to always think positive about all the problems that hit us. Because every problem has a solution.
  2. Exhausted after the activity is a factor of immune deficiencies. Resting the body to recover fitness and relieve fatigue in the body
  3. Get enough rest, to keep the immune system
  4. Regular exercise to maintain health and fitness. If you like to exercise your muscles process, you can consume additional supplements such as prohormone supplements, but in accordance with the rules recommended, because it would not be good if consumed in excess.
  5. Inadequate needs of fiber in the body, to consume fibrous foods. Fibrous foods are apples, carrots and nuts. The function of these fibrous foods that keep the body from bacteria.
  6. ensure that the food you eat already hygienic or has been washed with clean or thoroughly cooked perfect.
  7. Tips health that is often overlooked but highly influential on health. Eat a reasonable portion do not go overboard. In fear of your body will be obese and at risk of disease associated with being overweight or obese.
  8. Meet the needs of vitamins in the body. because this vitamin is used to stimulate the immune cells to ward off viruses and bacteria. For example Vitamin D can be found in sunlight, eggs, liver and fish, Vitamin A can be found in fruit – fruit such as tomatoes, carrots, and more.
  9. Fill fluid requirements needed in the body. In this case the water healthy. Eight glasses of water per day is the amount that must be fulfilled to meet the needs of fluids in our body.


But having said that, back to ourselves in addressing the circumstances around us. It is easy, sometimes considered trivial but have a major impact in our body is the smile. Strength and positive energy of the smile is impacting very good for our bodies, even able to reduce premature aging, and there are many more benefits of a smile, you can find on the internet. So hopefully useful for all

Natural treatment if you have leaky gut


Be – careful in consuming food, because the food you eat has a direct impact to your health, and impacts directly affected if you do not keep your food is your gut. Many incidents of people suffering from leaky gut. Leaky gut, otherwise known as intestinal hyperpermeability, is when perforations develop and allow undigested food and toxins to pass back into the body. Sound like a problem? It is. Leaky gut can be the starting point for anything from food intolerances to inflammatory bowel disease. If leaky gut is a problem for you, you have options, and here are five to get you started.

1. Water
One of easiest things you can do to defend against leaky gut is to stay well hydrated. Chronic dehydration causes constipation. This, in turn, allows bacteria to linger and inflame the intestinal lining, leading to—you guessed it—leaky gut.

2. Probiotics
Your gut is home to lots of bacteria—good and bad. Sometimes an imbalance can occur and the bad bacteria can take hold. When that happens, regaining balance is of vital importance. A probiotic supplement can help replenish the good guys and soothe and calm an unsteady gut environment.

3. Digestive Enzymes
Taking digestive enzymes before eating a meal is an excellent way to help ensure your food is properly digested, lessening the chance that partially digested food will cause more harm to your body. In addition, studies also suggest digestive enzymes can help encourage a healthy bowel environment.

4. L-Glutamine
L-glutamine is an essential amino acid with anti-inflammatory properties that works by coating cell walls and protecting against irritants. Studies suggest it could aid in the repair and growth of the intestinal lining and reduce some of the problems associated with leaky gut.

5. Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Increasing the amount of omega-3 fatty acids in your diet is another way to combat inflammation. Some research even suggests omega-3s could work to alleviate symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease. [4] There are a couple ways to get more of this nutrient; you could consider a supplement, or simply eat more fatty fish, like salmon. If you’re a vegan or concerned about some of the aspects of eating fish, that, of course, limits your options.

Is leaky gut currently a problem for you? Have you tried any of these five remedies, or do you have another to share? Leave a comment below and share your thoughts.

West, N. P. et al. Probiotic supplementation for respiratory and gastrointestinal illness symptoms in healthy physically active individuals. Clinical Nutrition. 33 (4).
Olendzk, B. C. et al. An anti-inflammatory diet as treatment for inflammatory bowel disease: a case series report. Nutrition Journal. 13.
Rapin, J. R. & Wiernsperger, N. Possible Links between Intestinal Permeability and Food Processing: A Potential Therapeutic Niche for Glutamine. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 65 (6).
Simopoulos, A. P. Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Inflammation and Autoimmune Diseases. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. 21 (6).

Results may vary. Information and statements made are for education purposes and are not intended to replace the advice of your doctor. Global Healing Center does not dispense medical advice, prescribe, or diagnose illness. The views and nutritional advice expressed by Global Healing Center are not intended to be a substitute for conventional medical service. If you have a severe medical condition or health concern, see your physician.

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Enlightenment and skin bleaching are two different things


Enlightening further illustrate the health and vitality of the skin thoroughly, skin looks healthy, radiant, not dry and dull and bright look.

while BLEACHING more a matter of depigmentation pigments associated with the type of one’s skin color, by that we must be able to differentiate a product which one serves as a lightening / enlightenment and which serves as whitening / bleaching whitening products injection there are plenty of brands of products, content and the function of each – each, but if we can merge with the right, we will get the maximum results.

Lightening and whitening injection can make skin brighter, shinier and brighter. There are also an effective injection Placenta whiten the skin, and nourishes the skin to look younger, materials are classified as a food supplement belonging to a powerful antioxidant.
As a food supplement will not give any negative effect. This will make the skin can work up to encourage the regeneration and revitalization of the condition. A solution of anti-aging and skin regeneration in it is effective against the two types of premature aging is caused by genetic factors and external factors outside the body such as exposure to sun and pollution. Vitamins, cytokines, peptides and mineral co enzymes, anti-oxidants contained therein synergistically to help skin produce collagen and improve skin elasticity optimally.

HOW TO WORK FROM Lightening / whitening injection:

Treatment was shown to inhibit the enzyme tyrosinase that make the pigment melanin (the cause of the skin becomes dark), so before more inhibited formed first with the best vitamin that new skin cells grow healthier. The skin becomes brighter, whiter color is translucent, luminous, and for maximum results, use a mixture of beautiful sparkling whites. With the additional care from the outside (including injection) results will be maximized.

But to get the skin completely white clear, luminous and sparkling beautiful, actually not quite with vitamin c, tationil, placenta, etc. should be added also to the care of the body from the outside using ingredients such high quality lotions that contain bleach, scrub bleach etc

There are some customers that have done injections of vitamin c + collagen / whitening injection did not feel significant changes as they expect? Why is that??

Caucasian adults generally have poor blood circulation. Now there is a revolutionary treatment based whitening injection of oxygen. Use active oxygen solution and the solution Skin regeneration. This treatment will foster and stimulate skin. These alloys can improve oxygen in the blood vessels so that the skin becomes more transparent luminous, pure oxygen and other materials used in this treatment will provide freshness as well as accelerate the process of skin whitening

This will make the skin can work up to encourage the regeneration and revitalization of the condition. A solution of anti-aging and skin regeneration in it is effective against the two types of premature aging is caused by genetic factors and factors outside the body external from such as exposure to sun and pollution

nah therefore results and the rapid reaction of the individual depends on the type masing2 individual skin and the level of darkness, there is a slow there quick, if you include the slow or dark then needed treatment oxy glow and cocktail right if you want to get the white skin shines not only a bright, inject able vitamin c + collagen only serves as a lightening or only used as a whitening maintenance after injection, but a lot of benefits that you get from just injecting vitamin c.

For those of you who intend to perform injections of vitamin C helps you know about the benefits of Vitamin C Injection and effects that follow the injection of vitamin c.

in order to obtain optimal results and effects as well as keeping of things that are going to hurt ourselves.

The following fact.
• Perform Injectable vitamin C provides high enough levels in the blood, but the amount will be absorbed into the various organs and only partially to the skin, so that its effectiveness can vary from person to person.

• To get the most out of the skin, acts injections of vitamin C is often used as adjunctive therapy of other skin treatments. As for the care and rejuvenation of the skin to keep it supple and smooth, until now that is capable of delivering maximum results is a topical therapy (therapy from the outside as well as the provision of a skin cream morning and night).

• Adequate need for vitamin C can be done with the direct consume fruits, injections, and supplements. All three have advantages and disadvantages of each. Through injections of vitamin C the body can obtain high doses directly into the blood. However, not all that high doses of vitamin C to be absorbed by the body. The rest will remain wasted through urine. In contrast, although the dose is not high, by consuming food or fruits rich in vitamin C, the body get the vitamins and other nutrients (such as vitamins E and A) to strengthen the work of vitamin C. Vitamin C supplementation is preferably given in combination with vitamins and other nutrients.

• Before you perform injections of vitamin C, you should make sure that the patient’s kidney and liver function is normal, and no history of allergy to the vitamin. Kidney and liver function is very influential on the absorption of vitamin C.

• Schedule Injectable vitamin C at a dose of 2-5 grams via intravenous (vein), can be done once a week or at longer intervals (depending on the doctor’s judgment). There is no specific benchmark, whether the package needs to be done or not, it will be the needs and indications.
The result of the injection of vitamin C will vary for each individual. Therapy should be discontinued if side effects appear or if the results are not significant enough. The effectiveness of therapy can be seen on the skin firmer, supple, and bright after getting this therapy within a certain time.

For individual results in the treatment of this whitening injection can be different even with the same product.
This can happen because many factors that influence it, either because the product is not good, the product is not suitable, unhealthy life patterns, often exposed to the sun, genetics etc.
Humans are not machines, medical science is not mathematics 1 + 1 = 2. It should be remembered

To get good results do not always need an expensive cost
But then this name is also spelled humanity expensiveness considering the price, there’s arguably false price, at bargain anyway anymore.

• Vitamin C is quite safe to be used by most people. If any, complaints that usually arise are diarrhea and bloating. Concerns that administration of high doses of vitamin C can cause kidney stones and was irrelevant because a lot of the scientific report. Treatment with vitamin C does not cause the formation of kidney stones. Even the provision of up to 10 grams per day did not show signs of kidney stone formation.
However, after an injection of high doses of vitamin C, a person is recommended to drink a lot. Please note, the presence of high doses of vitamin C in the body can interfere with the absorption of other nutrients, such as selenium (a mineral elements essential to the body), and copper (an enzyme important for the absorption of iron), so that the body also need to obtain additional supplements zat- the nutritional substances to cope.


Administration of drugs carried by infusion or by intravenous infusion therapy

Administration of drugs by injection either intravenously or IM

Actually there is no difference between them is only just a different way of administration is not much different infusion effectiveness dg injection is only a matter of administration are different. because obat2an in use together, the difference, if usually injected directly, is dissolved in a liquid infusion and administered in the form of drip / drip
but because of the same drug in use, the effectiveness of more or less the same

advantage infusion itself is safer in view of allergic reactions (if they occur in a particular person, although rarely)


1. Injection Oxy skin lightening plus:

makes the skin look fresher, brighter and radiant. Lightening formula containing powerful double anti oxidant, collagen and skin fasteners and some minerals the body needs is also efficacious as a free-radical scavengers and brighten dull skin significantly


brighten again at once whitens skin color. results ivory white skin, brighten the whole body and makes it clear luminous. Those advantages are not just taking care of AESTHETIC but also include the content of the master anti-oxidant Plus that works to stimulate the body condition more healthy and fresh as well as slowing the aging.


For the benar2 white skin (like japanese people) use this therapy in 2 weeks … These injections are not just regular injections. Live cells were mixed with whitening agents, bilobine G, glutamide acid, glycine, and cysteine ​​and basic vitamins A, C, E and selenium contained in it is very good for heart health, brain and blood vessels. Works by blocking the spread of melanocytes that causes depigmentation problems, and create new skin cells grow fresh white and sparkling .

In short this injection is also a progressive pro-active action to a white appearance is really white and sparkling.

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Differences dose of sleeping pills and the effects caused


This article may be long time ago, but hopefully still be helpful to the reader about the use of sleeping pills. Food and Drug Administration has evaluated the use of sleeping pills in order to determine the extent of the impact of the use of sleeping pills for the customer, and here are the results. Blood tests uncovered a gender gap: Men metabolized the drug, Intermezzo, faster than women. Ultimately the F.D.A. approved a 3.5 milligram pill for men, and a 1.75 milligram pill for women.

The active ingredient in Intermezzo, zolpidem, is used in many other sleeping aids, including Ambien. But it wasn’t until earlier this month that the F.D.A. reduced doses of Ambien for women by half.

Sleeping pills are hardly the only medications that may have unexpected, even dangerous, effects in women. Studies have shown that women respond differently than men to many drugs, from aspirin to anesthesia. Researchers are only beginning to understand the scope of the issue, but many believe that as a result, women experience a disproportionate share of adverse, often more severe, side effects.

“This is not just about Ambien — that’s just the tip of the iceberg,” said Dr. Janine Clayton, director for the Office of Research on Women’s Health at the National Institutes of Health. “There are a lot of sex differences for a lot of drugs, some of which are well known and some that are not well recognized.”

Until 1993, women of childbearing age were routinely excluded from trials of new drugs. When the F.D.A. lifted the ban that year, agency researchers noted that because landmark studies on aspirin in heart disease and stroke had not included women, the scientific community was left “with doubts about whether aspirin was, in fact, effective in women for these indications.”

Because so many drugs were tested mostly or exclusively in men, scientists may know little of their effects on women until they reach the market. A Government Accountability Office study found that 8 of 10 drugs removed from the market from 1997 through 2000 posed greater health risks to women.

For example, Seldane, an antihistamine, and the gastrointestinal drug Propulsid both triggered a potentially fatal heart arrhythmia more often in women than in men. Many drugs still on the market cause this arrhythmia more often in women, including antibiotics, antipsychotics, anti-malarial drugs and cholesterol-lowering drugs, Dr. Clayton said. Women also tend to use more medications than men.

The sex differences cut both ways. Some drugs, like the high blood pressure drug Verapamil and the antibiotic erythromycin, appear to be more effective in women. On the other hand, women tend to wake up from anesthesia faster than men and are more likely to experience side effects from anesthetic drugs, according to the Society for Women’s Health Research.

Women also react differently to alcohol, tobacco and cocaine, studies have found.

It’s not just because women tend to be smaller than men. Women metabolize drugs differently because they have a higher percentage of body fat and experience hormonal fluctuations and the monthly menstrual cycle. “Some drugs are more water-based and like to hang out in the blood, and some like to hang out in the fat tissue,” said Wesley Lindsey, assistant professor of pharmacy practice at Auburn University, who is a co-author of a paper on sex-based differences in drug activity.

“If the drug is lipophilic” — attracted to fat cells — “it will move into those tissues and hang around for longer,” Dr. Lindsey added. “The body won’t clear it as quickly, and you’ll see effects longer.”

There are also sex differences in liver metabolism, kidney function and certain gastric enzymes. Oral contraceptives, menopause and post-menopausal hormone treatment further complicate the picture. Some studies suggest, for example, that when estrogen levels are low, women may need higher doses of drugs called angiotensin receptor blockers to lower blood pressure, because they have higher levels of proteins that cause the blood vessels to constrict, said Kathryn Sandberg, director of the Center for the Study of Sex Differences in Health, Aging and Disease at Georgetown.

Many researchers say data on these sex differences must be gathered at the very beginning of a drug’s development — even before trials on human subjects begin.

“The path to a new drug starts with the basic science — you study an animal model of the disease, and that’s where you discover a drug target,” Dr. Sandberg said. “But 90 percent of researchers are still studying male animal models of the disease.”

There have been improvements. In an interview, Dr. Robert Temple, with the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research at the F.D.A., said the agency’s new guidelines in 1993 called for studies of sex differences at the earliest stages of drug development, as well as for analysis of clinical trial data by sex.

He said early research on an irritable bowel syndrome drug, alosetron (Lotronex), suggested it would not be effective in men. As a result, only women were included in clinical trials, and it was approved only for women. (Its use is restricted now because of serious side effects.)

But some scientists say drug metabolism studies with only 10 or 15 subjects are too small to pick up sex differences. Even though more women participate in clinical trials than in the past, they are still underrepresented in trials for heart and kidney disease, according to one recent analysis, and even in cancer trials.

“The big problem is we’re not quite sure how much difference this makes,” Dr. Lindsey said. “We just don’t have a good handle on it.”


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Natural therapy for a woman is experiencing hot flashes


Hot flashes vary among women going through menopause. Some women have hot flashes for a very short time during menopause. Other women may have hot flashes for life. Generally, hot flashes are less severe as time passes. You may not be able to avoid hot flashes during menopause, try eating or doing natural therapy below might relieve yourself.

Black Cohosh
(Actaea racemosa, Cimicifuga racemosa) This herb has received quite a bit of scientific attention for its possible effects on hot flashes. Studies of its effectiveness in reducing hot flashes have produced mixed results. However, some women report that it has helped them. Recent research suggests that black cohosh does not act like estrogen, as once thought. This reduces concerns about its effect on hormone-sensitive tissue (eg, uterus, breast). Black cohosh has had a good safety record over a number of years. There have been reports linking black cohosh to liver problems, and this connection continues to be studied.

Red Clover
(Trifolium pratense) In five controlled studies, no consistent or conclusive evidence was found that red clover leaf extract reduces hot flashes. As with black cohosh, however, some women claim that red clover has helped them. Studies report few side effects and no serious health problems with use. But studies in animals have raised concerns that red clover might have harmful effects on hormone-sensitive tissue.

Dong Quai
(Angelica sinensis) Dong quai has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat gynecologic conditions for more than 1,200 years. Yet only one randomized clinical study of dong quai has been conducted to determine its effects on hot flashes, and this botanical therapy was not found to be useful in reducing them. Some experts on Chinese medicine point out that the preparation studied was not the same as they use in practice. Dong quai should never be used by women with fibroids or blood-clotting problems such as hemophilia, or by women taking drugs that affect clotting such as warfarin (Coumadin) as bleeding complications can result.

(Panax ginseng or Panax quinquefolius) Research has shown that ginseng may help with some menopausal symptoms, such as mood symptoms and sleep disturbances, and with one’s overall sense of well-being. However, it has not been found to be helpful for hot flashes.

(Piper methysticum) Kava may decrease anxiety, but there is no evidence that it decreases hot flashes. It is important to note that kava has been associated with liver disease. The FDA has issued a warning to patients and providers about kava because of its potential to damage the liver. Because of this concern, Health Canada does not allow kava to be sold in Canada.

Evening Primrose Oil
(Oenothera biennis) This botanical is also promoted to relieve hot flashes. However, the only randomized, placebo-controlled study (in only 56 women) found no benefit over placebo (mock medication). Reported side effects include inflammation, problems with blood clotting and the immune system, nausea, and diarrhea. It has been shown to induce seizures in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia who are taking antipsychotic medication. Evening primrose oil should not be used with anticoagulants or phenothiazines (a type of psychotherapeutic agent).

Use with Caution
Of course, as with all therapies, there are some risks involved. The public usually takes herbal therapies in the form of supplement pills, not as a preparation made directly from the herb by a trained herbalist. Keep in mind that herbal supplements are not as closely regulated as prescription drugs. The amount of herbal product, quality, safety, and purity may vary between brands or even between batches of the same brand. Herbal therapies may also interact with prescription dugs, resulting in dramatic changes in the effect of the botanical, the drug, or both. To be safe, tell your healthcare provider about all botanical therapies you are considering and always stop all herbal treatments at least 2 weeks before any planned surgery.

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Dangerous Risk of hypertension


High blood pressure (hypertension) often occurs around us. Do you know the dangers that occur when you are up to hypertension? In this article will explain the risks that occur when attacked by hypertension. It would be better if we take precautions.

hypertension can quietly damage your body for years before symptoms develop. Left uncontrolled, you may wind up with a disability, a poor quality of life or even a fatal heart attack. Fortunately, with treatment and lifestyle changes, you can control your high blood pressure to reduce your risk of life-threatening complications.

Here’s a look at the complications high blood pressure can cause when it’s not effectively controlled.
Damage to your arteries

Healthy arteries are flexible, strong and elastic. Their inner lining is smooth so that blood flows freely, supplying vital organs and tissues with adequate nutrients and oxygen. If you have high blood pressure, the increased pressure of blood flowing through your arteries gradually can cause a variety of problems, including:

Artery damage and narrowing. High blood pressure can damage the cells of your arteries’ inner lining. That launches a cascade of events that make artery walls thick and stiff, a disease called arteriosclerosis (ahr-teer-e-o-skluh-ROE-sis), or hardening of the arteries. Fats from your diet enter your bloodstream, pass through the damaged cells and collect to start atherosclerosis (ath-ur-o-skluh-ROE-sis). These changes can affect arteries throughout your body, blocking blood flow to your heart, kidneys, brain, arms and legs. The damage can cause many problems, including chest pain (angina), heart attack, heart failure, kidney failure, stroke, blocked arteries in your legs or arms (peripheral artery disease), eye damage, and aneurysms.
Aneurysm. Over time, the constant pressure of blood moving through a weakened artery can cause a section of its wall to enlarge and form a bulge (aneurysm). An aneurysm (AN-yoo-riz-um) can potentially rupture and cause life-threatening internal bleeding. Aneurysms can form in any artery throughout your body, but they’re most common in the aorta, your body’s largest artery.

Damage to your heart

Your heart pumps blood to your entire body. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can damage your heart in a number of ways, such as:

Coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease affects the arteries that supply blood to your heart muscle. Arteries narrowed by coronary artery disease don’t allow blood to flow freely through your arteries. When blood can’t flow freely to your heart, you can experience chest pain, a heart attack or irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmias).
Enlarged left heart. High blood pressure forces your heart to work harder than necessary in order to pump blood to the rest of your body. This causes the left ventricle to thicken or stiffen (left ventricular hypertrophy). These changes limit the ventricle’s ability to pump blood to your body. This condition increases your risk of heart attack, heart failure and sudden cardiac death.
Heart failure. Over time, the strain on your heart caused by high blood pressure can cause your heart muscle to weaken and work less efficiently. Eventually, your overwhelmed heart simply begins to wear out and fail. Damage from heart attacks adds to this problem.

Damage to your brain

Just like your heart, your brain depends on a nourishing blood supply to work properly and survive. But high blood pressure can cause several problems, including:

Transient ischemic attack (TIA). Sometimes called a ministroke, a transient ischemic (is-KEE-mik) attack is a brief, temporary disruption of blood supply to your brain. It’s often caused by atherosclerosis or a blood clot — both of which can arise from high blood pressure. A transient ischemic attack is often a warning that you’re at risk of a full-blown stroke.
Stroke. A stroke occurs when part of your brain is deprived of oxygen and nutrients, causing brain cells to die. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to stroke by damaging and weakening your brain’s blood vessels, causing them to narrow, rupture or leak. High blood pressure can also cause blood clots to form in the arteries leading to your brain, blocking blood flow and potentially causing a stroke.
Dementia. Dementia is a brain disease resulting in problems with thinking, speaking, reasoning, memory, vision and movement. There are a number of causes of dementia. One cause, vascular dementia, can result from narrowing and blockage of the arteries that supply blood to the brain. It can also result from strokes caused by an interruption of blood flow to the brain. In either case, high blood pressure may be the culprit.
Mild cognitive impairment. Mild cognitive impairment is a transition stage between the changes in understanding and memory that come with aging and the more-serious problems caused by Alzheimer’s disease. Like dementia, it can result from blocked blood flow to the brain when high blood pressure damages arteries.

Damage to your kidneys

Your kidneys filter excess fluid and waste from your blood — a process that depends on healthy blood vessels. High blood pressure can injure both the blood vessels in and leading to your kidneys, causing several types of kidney disease (nephropathy). Having diabetes in addition to high blood pressure can worsen the damage.

Kidney failure. High blood pressure is one of the most common causes of kidney failure. That’s because it can damage both the large arteries leading to your kidneys and the tiny blood vessels (glomeruli) within the kidneys. Damage to either makes it so your kidneys can’t effectively filter waste from your blood. As a result, dangerous levels of fluid and waste can accumulate. You might ultimately require dialysis or kidney transplantation.
Kidney scarring (glomerulosclerosis). Glomerulosclerosis (gloe-mer-u-loe-skluh-ROE-sis) is a type of kidney damage caused by scarring of the glomeruli (gloe-MER-u-li). The glomeruli are tiny clusters of blood vessels within your kidneys that filter fluid and waste from your blood. Glomerulosclerosis can leave your kidneys unable to filter waste effectively, leading to kidney failure.
Kidney artery aneurysm. An aneurysm is a bulge in the wall of a blood vessel. When it occurs in an artery leading to the kidney, it’s known as a kidney (renal) artery aneurysm. One potential cause is atherosclerosis, which weakens and damages the artery wall. Over time, high blood pressure in a weakened artery can cause a section to enlarge and form a bulge — the aneurysm. Aneurysms can rupture and cause life-threatening internal bleeding.

Damage to your eyes

Tiny, delicate blood vessels supply blood to your eyes. Like other vessels, they, too, can be damaged by high blood pressure:

Eye blood vessel damage (retinopathy). High blood pressure can damage the vessels supplying blood to your retina, causing retinopathy. This condition can lead to bleeding in the eye, blurred vision and complete loss of vision. If you also have both diabetes and high blood pressure, you’re at an even greater risk.
Fluid buildup under the retina (choroidopathy). In this condition, fluid builds up under your retina because of a leaky blood vessel in a layer of blood vessels located under the retina. Choroidopathy (kor-oid-OP-uh-thee) can result in distorted vision or in some cases scarring that impairs vision.
Nerve damage (optic neuropathy). This is a condition in which blocked blood flow damages the optic nerve. It can kill nerve cells in your eyes, which may cause bleeding within your eye or vision loss.

Sexual dysfunction

Although the inability to have and maintain an erection (erectile dysfunction) becomes increasingly common in men as they reach age 50, it’s even more likely to occur if they have high blood pressure, too. Over time, high blood pressure damages the lining of your blood vessels and causes your arteries to harden and narrow (atherosclerosis), limiting blood flow. This means less blood is able to flow to your penis. For some men, the decreased blood flow makes it difficult to achieve and maintain erections — often referred to as erectile dysfunction. The problem is fairly common, especially among men who are not treating their high blood pressure.

Women may have sexual dysfunction as a side effect of high blood pressure, as well. High blood pressure can reduce blood flow to your vagina. For some women, this leads to a decrease in sexual desire or arousal, vaginal dryness, or difficulty achieving orgasm. Improving arousal and lubrication can help. Like men, women can experience anxiety and relationship issues due to sexual dysfunction.
Other possible dangers of high blood pressure

High blood pressure can also affect other areas of the body, leading to such problems as:

– Bone loss. High blood pressure can increase the amount of calcium that’s in your urine. That excessive elimination of calcium may lead to loss of bone density (osteoporosis), which in turn can lead to broken bones. The risk is especially increased in older women.
– Trouble sleeping. Obstructive sleep apnea — a condition in which your throat muscles relax causing you to snore loudly — occurs in more than half of those with high blood pressure. It’s now thought that high blood pressure itself may help trigger sleep apnea. Also, sleep deprivation resulting from sleep apnea can raise your blood pressure.

High blood pressure emergencies

High blood pressure is typically a chronic condition that gradually causes damage over the years. In some cases, though, blood pressure rises so quickly and severely that it becomes a medical emergency requiring immediate treatment, often with hospitalization.

In these situations, high blood pressure can cause:

  • Problems with your brain, marked by memory loss, personality changes, trouble concentrating, irritability or progressive loss of consciousness (encephalopathy)
  • Stroke
  • Severe damage to your body’s main artery (aortic dissection)
  • Seizures in pregnant women (preeclampsia or eclampsia)
  • Unstable chest pain (angina)
  • Heart attack
  • Sudden impaired pumping of the heart, leading to fluid backup in the lungs resulting in shortness of breath (pulmonary edema)
  • Sudden loss of kidney function (acute renal failure)

In most cases, these emergencies arise because high blood pressure hasn’t been adequately controlled.

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Definition of hypertensive heart disease


What Is Hypertensive Heart Disease?

Hypertensive heart disease refers to heart conditions caused by high blood pressure.

A number of different heart disorders are caused by the heart working under increased pressure. Hypertensive heart disease includes heart failure, thickening of the heart muscle, coronary artery disease, and other conditions.

Hypertensive heart disease can cause serious health problems and is the leading cause of death from high blood pressure.

Types of Hypertensive Heart Disease

In general, the heart problems associated with high blood pressure relate to the heart’s arteries and muscles.
Narrowing of the Arteries

Coronary arteries transport blood to your heart muscle. When high blood pressure causes the blood vessels to become narrow, blood flow to the heart can slow or stop. This condition is known as coronary heart disease (CHD), also called coronary artery disease.

CHD makes it difficult for your heart to function and supply the rest of your organs with blood. It can put you at risk for heart attack from a blood clot that gets stuck in one of the narrowed arteries and cuts off blood flow to your heart.
Thickening and Enlargement of the Heart

High blood pressure makes it difficult for your heart to pump blood. Just like other muscles in your body, regular hard work causes your heart muscles to thicken and grow. This alters the way the heart functions. These changes usually happen in the main pumping chamber of the heart, the left ventricle. The condition is known as left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH).

CHD can cause LVH and vice versa: When you have CHD, your heart must work harder. If your heart is enlarged because of LVH, it can compress the coronary arteries.

Both CHD and LVH can lead to:

  • heart failure: your heart is unable to pump enough blood to the rest of your body
  • arrhythmia: your heart beats abnormally
  • ischemic heart disease: your heart doesn’t get enough oxygen
  • heart attack: blood flow to the heart is interrupted
  • sudden cardiac arrest: your heart suddenly stops working, you stop breathing, and you lose consciousness
  • stroke and sudden death

Who Is at Risk for Hypertensive Heart Disease?

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the United States. Over 610,000 Americans die from heart disease every year.

The main risk factor for hypertensive heart disease is high blood pressure. Your risk increases if:

  • you’re overweight
  • you don’t exercise enough
  • you smoke
  • you eat high-fat and high-cholesterol foods

You’re more prone to heart disease if it runs in your family. Men are more likely to get heart disease than women who have not gone through menopause. Men and postmenopausal women are equally at risk. Your risk for heart disease will increase as you age, regardless of your gender.

Identifying the Symptoms of Hypertensive Heart Disease
Symptoms vary depending on the severity of the condition and progression of the disease. You may experience no symptoms, or your symptoms may include:

– chest pain (angina)
– tightness or pressure in the chest
– shortness of breath
– fatigue
– pain in the neck, back, arms, or shoulders
– persistent cough
– loss of appetite
– foot or ankle swelling

You need emergency care if your heart is suddenly beating rapidly or irregularly. Seek emergency care immediately or call 911 if you faint or have severe pain in your chest.

Regular physical exams will indicate whether you suffer from high blood pressure. If you do have high blood pressure, take extra care to look out for symptoms of heart disease.

Testing and Diagnosis: When to See the Doctor

Your doctor will review your medical history, conduct a physical exam, and run lab tests to check your kidneys, sodium, potassium, and blood count.

One or more of the following tests may be used to help determine the cause of your symptoms:

  • Electrocardiogram: monitors and records your heart’s electrical activity. Your doctor will attach patches to your chest, legs, and arms. The results will be visible on a screen, and your doctor will interpret them.
  • echocardiogram: takes a detailed picture of your heart and using ultrasound.
  • coronary angiography: examines the flow of blood through your heart. A thin tube called a catheter is inserted through your groin or an artery in your arm and up into the heart.
  • exercise stress test: looks at how exercise affects your heart. You may be asked to pedal an exercise bike or walk on a treadmill.
  • nuclear stress test: examines the flow of blood into the heart. The test is usually conducted while you’re resting and exercising.

Treating Hypertensive Heart Disease

Treatment for hypertensive heart disease depends on the seriousness of your illness, your age, and your medical history.

Medications help your heart in a variety of ways. The main goals are to prevent your blood from clotting, improve the flow of your blood, and lower your cholesterol.

Examples of common heart disease medications include:

  • water pills to help lower blood pressure
  • nitrates to treat chest pain
  • statins to treat high cholesterol
  • beta-blockers to lower blood pressure and reduce the amount of oxygen used by the heart
  • aspirin to prevent blood clots

It’s important to always take all medications exactly as prescribed.

Surgeries and Devices
In more extreme cases, you may need surgery to increase blood flow to your heart.

If you need help regulating your heart’s rate or rhythm, your doctor may surgically implant a battery-operated device called a pacemaker in your chest or abdomen. A pacemaker produces electrical stimulation that causes cardiac muscle to contract. Implantation of a pacemaker is important and beneficial when cardiac muscle electrical activity is inappropriately slow or absent.

Cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are implantable devices that can be used to treat serious, life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias.

Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) treats blocked coronary arteries. This is only done in severe CHD.

A heart transplant or other heart-assisting devices may be necessary if your condition is especially severe.

Long-Term Outlook
Recovering from hypertensive heart disease depends on the exact condition and its intensity. Lifestyle changes can help keep the condition from getting worse in some cases. In severe cases, medications and surgery may not be effective in controlling the disease.

Preventing Hypertensive Heart Disease
Monitoring and preventing your blood pressure from getting too high is one of the most important ways to prevent hypertensive heart disease.

Lowering your blood pressure and cholesterol by eating a healthy diet and monitoring stress levels are possibly the best ways to prevent heart problems.

Maintaining a healthy weight, getting adequate sleep, and exercising regularly are common lifestyle recommendations. Talk to your doctor about ways to improve your overall health.

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